(Osteoarthritis of the cervical spine; Cervical spondylathritis; Cervical
Degenerative changes are common in the cervical spine. The degenerative
process begins in the intervertebral discs and affects the posterior
intervertebral joints secondarily, causing pain and stiffness of the neck,
sometimes with referred symptoms in a upper limb.
common in the middle aged and elderly, doing prolonged work with neck in
The primary degenerative
changes are often initiated by injury or the condition may be a
manifestation of the wide-spread degenerative change that occur with
commonly occurs in the lowest three cervical joints. The changes first
affect the central inter vertebral joints (between the vertebral bodies) and
later the posterior inter joints. In the central joints there is
degenerative narrowing of the inter vertebral disc and bone reaction at the
joints margins, leads to the formation of osteophytes(spurs). The changes
seen are wearing away of the articular cartilage and the formation of
osteophytes(spurs) at the joint margins.